The Fairfield Area in the Gettysburg Campaign
Situated at the base of the South Mountain Range and near the entrance to one of its major gaps, Fairfield and the road network surrounding it were destined to play a strategic role in the Gettysburg Campaign.
Although the mountains acted as a protective barrier, the roads that led through its gaps were vital to the movement of troops in the area.
In the summer of 1863, the area around Fairfield would be the scene of several skirmishes, clashes or actions between the Union and Confederate forces. Today the battle of Gettysburg tends ot overshadow these minor engagements, but each one played a small role in the larger story of the campaign.